A new Russian Federation law, that went into effect on August 4, 2014, requires that Russian citizens, who also have lawful permanent residence or citizenship in another country, give notice to the Russian Migration Service, unless they fit into one of a few exceptions. Legal guardians of Russian citizens who are minors or mentally handicapped are also required to make the report on their behalf
The obligation to report attaches 60 days after the person obtains the new citizenship or right to live in a country other than Russia. Russian citizens in Russia who had a second citizenship or lawful permanent residence on August 4, 2014 were required to provide the notice within 60 days (i.e., by October 3). If they were not in Russia during those 60 days, the Service is taking the stance that the obligation attaches on their first trip back to Russia. There are administrative and criminal penalties for failing to provide the notification as required, or for providing the notification late.
While the law does not require Russian citizens living continuously outside of Russia to provide notice, the Russian authorities appear to be interpreting this provision of the law to apply only to Russian citizens who have registered their “propiska” (place to live) with a Russian consulate outside of Russia. It appears that Russian citizens, who continue to maintain a “propiska” inside of Russia, are expected to complete the notice. The notice has to be completed inside Russia. For further information and copies of the notification forms, visit http://www.fms.gov.ru/russian_national/inoe_grazhdanstvo/index.php.
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